10 world’s oldest things from Armenia will interest those who want to experience an epic journey through time and space.
We promise you practically won’t need a time machine to make this unique journey come to reality and see extraordinary objects that are more than 7000 years old.
Let’s agree that if a list has over 10 items on it, most people tend to ignore it. However, this doesn’t concern our today’s article that will excite those who are interested in science, history and want to find out how our ancestors once lived.
So, what are 10 world’s oldest things from Armenia? Do these elusive objects tend to be weapons, tools, or articles of clothing?
Armeniagogo has put together 10 world’s oldest things from Armenia to help you find out the answers to these questions.
Ready? Then let’s start our journey!
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #1: Etchmiadzin Cathedral
The first thing that comes to all Armenians’ mind when they are asked to tell something about their country is that Armenia is the first nation that adopted Christianity as state religion.
So, it comes as no surprise that the oldest church in the entire world that was originally built by a state is in Armenia.
The idea for the location is said to have come to St. Gregory in a vision. In his dream, he saw “Miatsin”, the Only Begotten Son of God, with glittering light on his face descending from the Heavens and with a golden hammer striking the ground where the Cathedral was to be located.
The cathedral has undergone many renovations throughout the centuries and today still bears some of the original Armenian design, known for its emphasis on height, pointed domes, and stone materials.
Though many centuries have passed the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin is still in operation attracting thousands of visitors for who seeing the oldest cathedral has become a dream.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #2: 7500-Year-old Sky Observatory
Karahunj, (also called Zorats Karer) is a prehistoric archaeological site near the town of Sisian. It is comprised of Bronze Age tremendous and unique megalithic structures, more specifically tombs, and over 220 large standing stones.
- Karahunj is believed to have a history of 7500 years and is considered the world’s oldest astronomical observatory.
- The total area of the Stonehenge is 7 hectares. The heights of the stones range from 0.5 to 3 m and weight up to 10 tons. There are basalt stones, eroded by time and covered with moss and lichen of many colors.
- Many of the stones contain holes with the diameter of 4-5 centimeters. The angles of those holes have different points. They are particularly pointed to the horizon and outer space.
- Can you imagine how fantastic that would feel to be in a place which is 3, 500 years older than England’s Stonehenge and 3,000 years older than the Egyptian Pyramids? Your friends are definitely going to envy you.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #3: The World’s Oldest Shoe
National Geographic, Daily Mail, Independent, Reuters, Telegraph, BBC News…
This is the small list of the most famous newspapers that published an article with such a title that stimulated the interest of billions of people from different parts of the world.
And the title of most articles was “The world’s oldest shoe discovered”.
Hmm, now perhaps you are smiling because you remembered such an article or you notice you have missed something important that you shouldn’t.
Don’t worry! Just join us to find out how old the world’s oldest shoe is and in what country it was found?
The perfectly preserved shoe has been found in a cave in Armenia. The shoe is made from a single piece of cowhide, cut into two layers, tanned and laced.
It contained grass, although the archaeologists were uncertain as to whether this was to keep the foot warm or to maintain the shape of the shoe.
The most striking thing about the oldest shoe is that it was perfectly preserved. This fact made researchers think the shoe was about 600-700 years old.
However, three samples were taken in order to determine the absolute age of the shoe and all three tests showed the same results.
Fun Facts about the Oldest Shoe
- It is not known whether the shoe belonged to a man or woman.
- Interestingly enough the shoe very much resembles a traditional Armenian shoe known as “charokh” a type of moccasin, still in popular use in Armenia.
- Shoes of this age are incredibly rare, because leather and plant materials normally degrade very quickly.
- Shoes like this would have enabled people to cope with extremes of temperature in the region—up to 113°F (45°C) in summer and below freezing in winter—and to travel farther.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #4: The Oldest Skirt
Now it’s time to match the world’s oldest shoe with the oldest skirt.
You won’t believe but the oldest skirt was discovered in Areni-1 cave that is in the same place where the world’s oldest leather shoes were found.
The cave has been under intense study by American, Irish and Armenian researchers since 2007 and has yielded a number of fascinating discoveries over the years.
It’s impossible to tell how the entire skirt would have looked when it was first made, or whether it was worn by a woman or a man. However, researchers believe this represents the oldest example of reed clothing in the world.
The superbly preserved fabric of the skirt was made from woven reeds, with a counter-weave band running along the edge. It is an amazing material with rhythmic color hues.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #5: The Oldest Human Brain
In late 2008, researchers in the United Kingdom believed they found the world’s oldest, 2000-year-old human brain.
However, Armenian-American-Irish scientists claimed they had uncovered the oldest preserved human brain in a cave overlooking southeastern Armenia’s Arpa River.
Can you imagine, due to the damp climate in the camp even the red and white blood cells in the brain preserved.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #6: 4000-Year-Old Wagons
Dear travelers this is the place where you will have the great opportunity to see the oldest wagons in the world, discovered in Lchashen on the borders of Lake Sevan.
These are the oldest known wagons in the world.” The wagons have also been included in Prof Stuart Piggott’s classic book “The Earliest Wheeled Transport”.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #7: Metal Smelting Foundry – 6,000 Years Old
Due to its geographical peculiarities Armenia is enriched with a large treasury of minerals such as gold, iron, silver, copper, molybdenum, zinc, lead, aluminum, as well as other scarce and hard-to-find metals.
The foundry is known to have extracted and processed gold, copper, and several types of manganese, zinc, strychnine, mercury, and iron.
Metal from the foundries of Metsamor found their way to Egypt, Central Asia and China.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #8: Wine-Making Facility – 6,100 Years Old
Armenian wine is very famous all over the world due to its unforgettable taste and high quality. Accordingly, Armenia is considered to be one of the oldest wine producing countries of the world.
You won’t believe but in a cave in southern Armenia a team of international archaeologists have unearthed a wine press for stomping grapes.
Fermentation and storage vessels, drinking cups, and withered grape vines, skins, and seeds have also been discovered at the site.
It is believed that the Copper Age vintners pressed their wine the old-fashioned way, using their feet. Juice from the trampled grapes drained into the vat, where it was left to ferment.
The wine was then stored in jars—the cool, dry conditions of the cave would have made a perfect wine cellar.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #9: War Horses – 4,500-Years Old
Horse domestication and breeding has for long been associated with ancient Armenia. Classical writers would often refer to Armenia as a land of excellence horse mastery.
So, it comes as no surprise that Armenian archaeologists discovered an ancient burial site containing a large amount of sacrificed animal remains, among them war horses.
The head of the Cultural Inheritance Research Center of Armenia Hakob Simonyan explained that the horse bones found at “Nerkin Naver” are the oldest yet uncovered belong to a domesticated horse used for military purposes.
10 World’s Oldest Things From Armenia #10: “Pazyryk”, The World’s Oldest Carpet
Various rug fragments have been excavated in Armenia dating back to the 7th century BC or earlier.
The oldest, single, surviving knotted carpet in existence is the Pazyryk carpet, excavated from a frozen tomb in Siberia, dated from the 5th to the 3rd century BC, now in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.
Based on a study of ancient artistic development, textile expert Ulrich Schurmann has reached the conclusion that the rug is of Armenian origin.
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