Armenia country can definitely be proud of its richest culture and oldest history. Armenia is a country that can surprise you with many things you never imagined could be there. Here is a brief Armenia country profile you may want to check.
Besides being one of the oldest counties of the world, Armenia is also a breathtakingly beautiful and welcoming country.
In this country profile, you’ll know all the basic things about Armenia including where it’s located, population, travel options, currency, country code etc.
If you feel like you’re not Armenia country’s encyclopedia, then stay with us. We will help you to you know what are the first things you should see or do while being in Armenia, introduced with images.
Where is Armenia Country?
Armenia is a landlocked country which is bordered with Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Georgia to the north and Azerbaijan to the east. The republic of Armenia is on the crossed borders of Europe and Asia. That’s why it difficult to finally determine where exactly Armenia is situated: Is it in Europe or in Asia?
Due to Armenia’s unique geographical position this country has been under the influence of various countries and civilizations. The history of Armenia stretches back for around 3000 years. Armenia used to be one of the largest Empires of the world.
Ararat has special value for Armenians. You can meet images of Mount Ararat everywhere in Armenia. Though Ararat is now technically in the borders of Turkey, Armenians consider it their holy mountain, which was unfairly taken from them.
Armenia Country Profile: Scroll the Timeline of Armenian History, Culture
Culture and Civilization
Armenian civilization is one of the oldest of the world. You can meet undisputable proofs of this fact almost everywhere in Armenia. For example, there you can see the oldest churches existing in the world. The reason is that Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion. Unfortunately, the large number of those churches was destroyed while Armenia was under the rule of different empires.
- Armenian rich architectural heritage completes the image of the country emphasizing its uniqueness. You can see colorings various different Armenian traditions combined.
- The inseparable part of Armenian culture is Armenian music and Armenian dances. Armenian music is mostly known for its duduk. Duduk is a typical Armenian musical instrument which tells a lot about Armenia with its marvelous sound, best represented by Armenian artist Djivan Gasparyan.
- Armenia has been divided between the Persian and Ottoman empires in the 16th Later in the 19th century the Eastern Armenia became under rule of the Russian Empire and the western part of the country remained within the Ottoman Empire.
- One of the most tragic events of Armenian history is Armenian Genocide, the massacre of 1.5 million Armenians by Ottoman Empire in 1915. Despite the overwhelming facts, Turkish government hasn’t recognized this mass murder till now.
- Armenia used to be a Soviet Union country until 1991. Soon after declaring its independence, Armenia engaged into bloody conflict with Azerbaijan connected with Nagorno-Karabakh. This conflict it actual till our days.
Facts about the Republic of Armenia
- The official language for Armenia is Armenian. It’s an ancient language which belongs to Indo-European family.
- Total area of the country is 29 743 km2. The territory is rather mountainous with beautiful wild nature and fast rivers. One of the distinctive features of Armenia is the huge amount of fresh and tasty drinking water, which is a rare thing nowadays.
- The climate of Armenia is known for its hot summers and cold winters.
- The population of the country is 3 million. Armenia is a mono-ethnic country. Armenians are rather hospitable and friendly nation, always ready to help. The capital city of Armenia is Yerevan, which is also the most developed city of Armenia. The second largest city of Armenia is Gyumri, which has faced huge losses from the earthquake in 1988.
- Armenia is divided into 10 provinces with city Yerevan, which has a special administrative status as the capital of the country. Yerevan itself is divided into 12 districts.
- As Armenia is a newly independent state, the economy is on its way of development. After the investments from the Soviet Union disappeared Armenia faced a great economical breakdown. Though the situation has been improving through the recent years, poverty and unemployment are still actual problems in Armenia.
- The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity and the 97 % of population belongs to Armenian Apostolic (Armenian Orthodox) Church.
- Armenia is a democratic country. The president of the country is Serzh Sarkisyan. Armenia is in good relations with almost all countries except with its immediate neighbors Azerbaijan and Turkey. The borders with both Azerbaijan and Turkey are closed, so it’s not recommended taking these destinations while travelling.
What Can I See and Should I Take Cash with Me to Armenia?
- The Armenian currency is called dram. (ISO currency code: AMD). Dram is the only legal currency for commerce in Armenia, however there might be cases when dollar will also be accepted. ATMs are widely available in Yerevan, however if you’re going outside the country you’d better make your money cash in Yerevan beforehand.
- Over all, Armenia is a developing country for tourism. The country has a rather welcoming look. At the center of the city you may meet lot of cozy buildings with nice images on the walls. The majority of building at the city has pink color, that’s why Yerevan is called Pink city.
- It’s a perfect place both for getting known with one of the oldest cultures of the world and having relaxing time in nice cafes, restaurants and hotels. You’ll never have any difficulty in finding a bread and breakfast place in Armenia. This country is full of both affordable and luxurious hotels.
Safety, Transportation, Internet, Communication and More
- Internet connection is not a problem in Armenia. Most cafes and hotels provide wifi to their guests. You can also get free WiFi at the center of the city without any code required.
- Phone numbers in Armenia begin with the country code (+374) including the special code of definite mobile provider and the personal phone number of the user. Very often mobile providers have special offers with extremely cheap and convenient prices including local and international calls and internet services.
- Safety profile is rather developed in Armenia. Armenia is a rather safe place for traveling. Level of crime and terrorism are rather low in comparison with other countries. In fact, Armenia is considered one of 10 safest countries in the world.
- Transportation is cheap, however very often it may not be convenient. Buses and mini-buses cost 100 AMD for local travel. If you’re planning a long journey throughout the country via bus, it will cost you about 1000 AMD.
- Taxis are more convenient way of transportation. The average price from the Zvartnots airport to the center of the city may cost about 3000 drams. The country profile also provides some of the most important things you should know about Armenia.
Armenian Country: Cuisine
Armenian Cuisine is one of the first things you should try while being in Armenia. Cuisine of Armenia country is a perfect demonstration of Armenia’s rich cultural heritage.
The variety of mouthwatering dishes flavored with different spices, are something you should pay special attention to while being in Armenia.
Armenian Alphabet – One of a Kind
Armenia alphabet has always been a subject of various researches and admirations. It was created by brilliant Armenian linguist and ecclesiastical leader Mesrop Mashtots.
During different researches Armenian alphabet is claimed to be a perfect one, which ideally suits Armenian rich sound system.
Armenia Country: History of Thousands of Years
Armenia is one of the oldest countries of the world. There are quite a lot of historical sites to visit in Armenia. One day definitely won’t be enough to visit all those places.
You will see in Armenia not only the oldest churches of the world, but also a pagan temple of Garni, which has survived till our days.
The capital city of Armenia, Yerevan is also one of the oldest in the world. In 2018, Yerevan will celebrate its 2800th anniversary.
Armenia Country as a Homeland of Apricot
The full image of Armenia will not be complete without apricot. We all adore this tastiest fruit, though few of us may know that the homeland of apricot is Armenia. Apricot is kind of a national fruit for Armenians.
Later apricot was spread in other countries as well. However, there is a huge difference between an apricot grown in other countries and Armenian apricot.
Thanks to Armenia’s climate the tastiest Apricot is grown exactly here. By the way, the traditional Armenian musical instrument duduk is made of apricot tree.
Winston Churchill Loved Armenian Brandy
Armenian brandy is the most respectable and widely known alcoholic drink throughout the world. Armenians were engaged in production of brandy since 1887, however the prehistory goes back from ancient times when Noah planted vineyards in Armenia and made the first brandy from it.
Many world known personalities preferred nothing but Armenian brandy. For example, Winston Churchil adored Armenian brandy. Every day he used to drink one bottle of Armenian brandy “Dvin”.
Armenia Country: Armenians are Chess Nation
Chess has been popular in Armenia since the 9th century. Starting from 2011 chess has been made a compulsory subject in all Armenian schools along with Math, History, etc.
This kind of new approach is a booming advantage in the educational profile of Armenia.
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