Armenia Natural Resources play an important role in boosting the national economy of the country. Natural resources found in Armenia are not only consumed for inner usage, but are also exported to other countries.
Though, as compared to other countries, Armenia is not so much blessed with abundance of the most essential natural resources.
Due to its geographical peculiarities Armenia is enriched with a large treasury of minerals which are not only expensive but also rare.
Armenia also possesses some of the world’s most diverse non-metallic minerals, including tuff, perlite, pumice-stone, zeolite, scoria, basalts, granites, nephelite syenite, and marble are widely used in construction.
In this article, you will get in-depth information about top five Armenia natural resources that have a considerable impact on the nation’s economy.
Armenia Natural Resources #1: You Guessed It, It’s Water
Every summer, water consumption skyrockets in all the cities of Armenia, as people celebrate the so called “Vardavar”, one of the favorite holidays among Armenians.
During the holiday, everyone pours water over one another having a lot of fun and soaking up the sun.
Aside from that one day, water is treated as precious gift from nature in Armenia all year round. Armenians appreciate water so much that they composed legends and wrote a song about it.
Plus, points that will make you adore Armenia are the so-called Armenian “pulpulaks” (drinking fountains). In case you suddenly find out you have no money in your pocket while walking around the streets of Yerevan, don’t worry! Due to these unique fountains, you can enjoy clean and fresh drinking water to your heart’s content.
All these factors come to prove that Armenia is one of the countries that holds the title of having a great natural resource of water.
Does Armenian Mineral Water Really Cure?
The greatest lake of Armenia is Sevan, which is the biggest source of fresh water. Armenia also has 100 small mountainous lakes, 400 rivers and 74 water reservoirs.
There are also more than 700 natural and artificial sources of mineral water in cities like Jermuk, Dilijan, Arzni, Hankavan and Sevan.
Armenian mineral water is believed to treat a variety of diseases. So, people who have digestive issues, metabolic disorders, nervous system diseases are highly recommended to try Armenian mineral water. Here you can find information about Spa and resort town of Armenia, where you can get those minral water treatment.
Even if you are not in Armenia but live in countries like Russia, the United States, the United Arab Emirates, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Iran, etc., you have the greatest privilege to enjoy Armenian mineral water (these are the top countries where Armenian mineral water is exported).
Armenia Natural Resources #2: Molybdenum and Copper
Now it’s time for a bit tough and chemical terminology. But, guess what, that’s one of the main resources that boosts Armenian economy. So, yes, we couldn’t skip it!
Copper and Molybdenum are the most important natural resources found in Armenia.
“Zangezur Copper-Molybdenum Combine” and “Agarak Copper-Molybdenum Combine” are two of the leading producers of copper and molybdenum concentrates in Armenia.
The Zangezur copper-molybdenum complex exploits Karajan copper and molybdenum deposit as an open pit mine and produces molybdenum and copper concentrates which are then roasted and smelted in and outside of Armenia.
Molybdenum oxide and ferromolybdenum, derived from molybdenum, are used primarily in the steel industry for corrosion resistance, strengthening and heat resistance.
Copper consumption is closely associated with industrial production.
As for molybdenum, in 2015 Armenia increased export of molybdenum ore by 6.6% to 959.7 tons versus 900 tons a year ago. The ore was exported to Netherlands. In 2010, Armenia ranked seventh in the world in molybdenum production.
The combine also pays a close attention to keeping the environmental effects of its activities to a minimum using risk management strategies based on valid data and sound science.
Armenia Natural Resources #3: Land of Mountains and ROCKS
There are tons of phrases that are used to describe the uniqueness of Yerevan, but in case you surf the internet you will definitely come across the phrase “the pink city”. This is because of the color of the stone widely used in Armenian architecture.
This stone is undoubtedly Armenian tuff which is used since ancient times as an excellent construction material.
Armenian tuff is an indispensable and the most important material for indoor and outdoor decoration, building facades, pavements, barbecue and fireplace applications, etc.
Tuff is a beautiful volcanic rock that comes in many different colors, varying from pink to red or ginger. You can also find black or dark brown tuff.
Most importantly, tuff is a high-quality stone that doesn’t change its color regardless of weather conditions.
In a word, we can say that nature has gifted Armenia with various, unique and high quality stones. Nearly all types of mineral rocks, well known all over the world can be found in the territory of Armenia.
Armenia Natural Resources #4: Simple, But Very Important Thing – Salt
Armenia is a country with rich natural resources that stand out with their medical qualities. One of such natural resources found in Armenia is salt.
Big stocks of salt are discovered in the territory of Avan (administrative district in Yerevan).
“Avan Salt Plant” CJSC is the only salt-producing company in the region. The Plant was built in 1967 just in the place of salt field, located in Avan, an ecologically clean area of Yerevan.
The factory produces “Extra” iodized common food salt packed in 25 kg and 1 kg bags, as well as salt for agricultural and technical purposes (rock-salt for cattle breeding and technical ground salt).
Here you can also find medical-diagnostic cabinets and a sports hall.
By the way, “Avan Salt Plant” organizes tours at week-ends in the operating salt mine. If you have a desire to see this amazing place, enjoy the unique and wild beauty of the mine, learn of rock salt mining process, then take a tour.
By the way, you can also visit the Republican Speleological Therapeutic Center.
Armenia Natural Resources #5: The Most Precious Thing in the World – Gold
Gold mining is one of the most important sectors of the Armenian economy, contributing around one half of its total exports.
Armenia is known to have significant gold deposits located throughout its territory. The country has about 13 operational gold and gold polymetallic mines.
Due to new mining law adopted in 2012, Armenia has seen an increase in domestic gold production in recent years.
These new mining laws and the projects underway greatly attract foreign investors.
International companies are investing in developing gold deposits in Armenia, including Ararat Gold Recovery Company (a 100% subsidiary of Sterlite Ltd. of Canada) and United States-based Global Gold Corp.