Armenian flag is the national symbol of all Armenians. Armenians take their flag as the pride of their country. If you’re interested, continue reading and you’ll know more about the flag of Armenia, its forming history, meaning of colors, etc.
There are many countries that have beautiful and meaningful flags.
Usually, people of those countries are happily carrying their flags everywhere. Armenians are among those flag-obsessed nationalities.
You can see their obsession all over Armenia and even outside.
Many Armenians living outside of their country put Armenian flags on their doors and windows. You can often meet the same thing in Armenia. Moreover, there is an interesting tradition related to Armenian flag.
Military service for male citizen is mandatory in Armenia, so almost every second family in the neighborhood, at least for two years has a family member serving in the Armenian army.
Now, the fun part – those families who have a family member serving in the army, hang Armenian flag outside their balcony. Usually on the side where the street is.
As you see, there a quite an interesting things to know about Armenian flag, so we’ve made it easier for you. No need to surf the internet to find out pieces of information.
We’re here to answer to all your question about the Armenian flag. Let’s discover it together!
Shapes and Design of Armenian Flag
Armenian flag consists of 3 horizontal bands with three colors: red on the top, blue in the middle and orange on the bottom.
The colors have their special meaning, which exactly depicts Armenian spirit.
What do the Colors of the Flag Signify?
There are quite a lot of interpretations connected with the meaning of Armenian flag colors. Here are the most accepted ones.
By the way, the orange color has a special meaning for Armenians. Armenians very often call this color as “Color or Apricot”. Apricot is the national fruit of Armenia, which is famous for its delicious taste. The color of apricot was also one of the most favorite colors of Armenian kings throughout history.
Armenian Flag of the Third Independent Republic of Armenia
After “peresroika”, which finally brought an end to the Soviet Union, Armenia declared its independence and renamed the country from Armenian SSR to Republic of Armenia. Being a completely new, fragile and independent state Armenia needed to regain its national symbols.
What’s unique about Armenian flag is that the flag of the first Republic of Armenia and the third Republic of Armenia are the same.
Armenian Flag was Suggested to be Changed
There were other suggestions of Armenian flag during the recent years, however they were rejected. Armenians found that today’s flag is close to their hearts and they don’t want to change it.
Armenian flag is not only the national symbol for Armenians, but also something sacred. Seriously, you will meet Armenian flag very often.
Armenians like wearing different cloths with Armenian flag. You’ll even meet little kids with clothes and hats Armenian flag on it.
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh is derived from Armenian Flag
Nagorno-Karabakh republic, which is claimed to be an independent republic, has derived its flag from Armenian flag.
Though Nagorno-Karabakh is not recognized by the world, it’s a de facto independent republic.
After deriving the flag, they added a white stepped carpet shaped pattern, which is the distinctive feature between Armenian flag and Nagorno-Karabakh flag.
Ancient Armenian Flags
Throughout the long Armenian history there have been quite a lot of variations of Armenian flag. Different Armenian dynasties used to have flags with symbolic animals.
The variations of Armenian flag come from early pagan times. On this period, it was more actual using flags with eagle, lion or dragon.
They could use other mysterious creatures connected with ancient gods. Artaxiad dynasty flag, for instance was made of a red cloth with two eagles gazing at each other.
Two Versions of Armenian Flag by Ghevont Alishan
During its history, Armenia has been divided between different empires for several times. When Armenia was divided between Persian and Ottoman Empires the idea of having flag was diminished for a while.
Afterwards, the Armenian Catholic Priest Father Ghevont Alishan was requested to create a new Armenian flag in 1885. His interpretation was very much alike today’s flag of Armenia.
It was horizontal, consisting of three colors, however the colors and the meaning was different from today’s Armenian flag.
Red color symbolized the first Sunday of Easter, which is also called “Red” Sunday. Green color symbolized “Green” Sunday of Easter. White color on below was chosen to complete the combination.
Later Alishan designed another Armenian flag. This one was tricolor vertical. Its colors, red, green and blue represented the rainbow which Noah had seen, after he rested on the Mount Ararat with his arch.
There was another variant of Armenian flag proposed by Martiros Saryan which was later rejected. That flag was also called rainbow flag. The prototype of this flag is now kept at Martiros Saryan House Museum in Yerevan.
Armenian Flag of Armenia in Transcaucasian Federative Republic
From 1918 being under the rule of Russian Empire Armenia declared its independence and joined Transcaucasian Federative Republic together with Georgia and Azerbaijan. The state had a short life. It didn’t last even a year.
However, many historians claim that a tricolor flag similar with German flag used to be the flag of Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic. Later when the federation was dissolved, all the member countries declared their independence and had their separate country flags.
Armenian Flag of the First Republic of Armenia
Armenia declared its independence in May 28th, 1918. After gaining independence Armenian flag with tree colors was chosen as the national symbol of the country.
Armenian great academician Stepan Malkhasyan appearing in the Armenian national council, promoted to the selection of the tricolor flag of Armenia.
At first the colors of the Armenian flag were planned to be red, blue and yellow taken from ancient Armenian Lusignan dynasty.
Later the yellow color was replaced with orange as the majority found that the orange color was more typical to Armenian nature and was much more harmonic with the other 2 colors.
First Flag of Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic
Later Armenia was established as Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. During this period, Armenia was introduced with a flag together with Georgia and Azerbaijan under the Transcaucasian SFSR. The flag was a color of red with hammer and sinker inserted in the star.
The letters below are in Russian (ZSFSR opened as Zakavkazskaya Sovetskaya Federativnaya Socialisticheskaya Respublika, “Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic”).
Armenia had been represented with this flag until 1936. In 1936, Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic was broken into three constituent regions: Armenian SSR, Georgian SSR and Azerbaijan SSR.
Second Armenian Flag of Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic
After the collapse of Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was represented with a new flag. On 17 of December,1952, the new flag of Armenia was established.
The flag was similar to Soviet Union flag with its meaning, symbols and color. During the history of Soviet period Armenian flag has been reestablished for several times. The last one was a red flag with blue horizontal tripe at the center of it.
At the upper right corner of the flag were the symbols of Soviet Union hammer and sickle. The flag remained as the national symbol of Armenian SSR until 1990.
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