Education in Armenia is one of the basic incentives of national development. It is also the basis of the country’s social, cultural and political life.
Before adopting Christianity, Armenians were pagans. They worshiped different Gods. But you know what’s cool about it?
In the long line of Gods, Armenians had the God Tir who was responsible for education and science!
Can you imagine? In ancient times, there were no definite scientific approaches or properly formed schools. But education in Armenia was highly rated even back then.
After the creation of the Armenian alphabet even people from low classes had access to Armenian education throughout the whole country.
Now let’s pass from Gods and mystic to reality and discover current educational system of Armenia.
By the way, it was planned when the first Republic of Armenia was established, some 100 years ago!
Levels of Education in Armenia
Since the very day of establishment, Armenian education has undergone changes. It was especially improved during Soviet times.
Due to such developments, educational system of Armenia was considered one of the best systems.
And till now Armenian parents have kind of obsession about being educated. They are ready to go to the bitter end just for their children to get better education!
And when it’s time for “pay back” Armenian students know how to make their parents happy. They study well! And many outstanding scientists around the world are of Armenian origin.
Today education in Armenia is nearly similar to global one. Of course, there is still a need for further improvements! In a nutshell, here is what the educational system of Armenia looks like.
There are three main levels of Armenian education:
- Preschool level
- Higher education
If interested in being an international student in Armenia just scroll down!
Preschool or Nursery Education in Armenia
This level of education in Armenia is designed to develop basic skills and abilities in children. This actually includes:
- Counting skills
- Basic behavioral skills
- Knowledge of surrounding world
In other words, the main goal of preschool education is to establish basis for the child’s physical, moral and mental development.
Such advancements are about communication skills in mother tongue and ability to learn foreign languages based on the skills of the mother language.
The importance here is that this prepares the kids for school studies. Educational system of Armenia differentiates three types of nursery education. It starts from the age of two and lasts up to 6.
Early childhood care and education in Europe works the same way. It is all about social integration of a child. The main difference between these two systems is that European one lasts up to the age of eight.
It’s a little bit weird for us. Here in Armenia we are at the 2nd grade of elementary school at the age of 8. Maybe we are so keen on education that can’t help learning from early years!
September 1, 8 am. There is a kind of abnormal cheerfulness in all houses of Armenia. It might seem strange to a foreigner, but here in Armenia it’s a real feast!
It’s the beginning of the academic year! The joy is doubled when there is a kid at home who will attend the first class and spend 11 years at secondary school.
Such education in Armenia is free in public schools as they are state-owned. Unlike Armenia, for example in Ireland the majority of secondary schools are privately managed though state-funded.
However, the students getting Armenian education have to buy their textbooks and all they will need during studies. So educational system of Armenia offers the following levels for secondary education.
Elementary School (1-4 Grades)
This lasts for four years. The learning outcome of elementary education is the knowledge of Armenian alphabet and Arithmetic.
So, this level provides general literacy. Alongside with Armenian and Arithmetic pupils study Arts and songs.
To be frank, even at this stage of education Armenian pupils have a lot of homework to do. Poor children!
In Netherlands for instance, schools are not given too much homework until basic school!
Basic School (5-9 Grades)
These school years are perhaps the most saturated ones for pupils in terms of subjects and time spend with classmates.
In accordance with the Armenian education program more subjects are added year by year. During these years children study:
- Natural sciences
- Armenian and International History
- Armenian literature
- Russian language and literature
The study of the second foreign language depend on the school. In most cases children learn either English or French!
So, do not get surprised when you will meet no language barrier when visiting and exploring Armenia. Locals will be able to speak at least English.
But if you are Russian you are luckier than anybody else. Everybody here speaks Russian. At the end of the 9th grade children obtain a certificate.
After it, they can either continue their study in high school, or in specialized secondary and technical secondary educational institutions.
High School (10-11 Grades)
Educational system of Armenia does not view high school as a compulsory. It’s up to pupils to go on with it or enroll in collages. The high school offers complete secondary education.
So, after all, if you are a high school pupil then you have to get ready for your admission exams. Pupils choose the major they want to specialize in and get ready.
The classes are divided according to their wishes. Those who choose humanities or natural sciences have classes separately.
Then at the end of the academic year graduate students of the high school obtain certificate of complete secondary education and can continue their study in the Higher educational institutions.
The good thing about education in Armenia is that all pupils attend the same classes, regardless their abilities.
Finland, which has the best educational system in the world works the same way. It has the smallest gap between the strongest and weakest pupils. Besides, Finnish schools give little homework and have mandatory test only at the age of 16.
Education in Armenia offers mandatory exams only twice.
Higher Education in Armenia
When the last bell rings, all classes are over at schools in May, it’s time for admission exams! This stage of Armenian education offers higher, specialized studies.
There are 15 state owned higher universities in Armenia. To enroll in, one has to take up to 3 exams depending on the chosen department.
There are 3 levels of higher studies in the educational system of Armenia.
- 4 year-study guarantees bachelor’s degree.
- Second level includes two years of study. This is not compulsory in Armenian education, though one can pursue Master’s degree in this level.
- If eager to go deeper in your major and make any scientific research, time to become a PhD student.
Now foreign students’ attention, please!
You have the chance to be part of education in Armenia. There are a lot of programs for international students to study in Armenia.
Erasmus Mundus is one of that projects to experience Armenian education! Do not lose your chance!
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