The geopolitical location and map of Armenia is one of the most complexes in the world. Being a very small country, Armenia borders five countries. Borders of two out of those five counties are closed and one is still an unrecognized state.
It is no secret that Armenia is located in one of the most complicated places in the world. For many centuries, it was the only Christian nation entirely surrounded by Muslim ones.
Its location also offers many misconceptions about the country and its people for foreigners. Armenia is a landlocked and mountainous country with a very ancient cultural history. \Read on to find out more about its location, the map of Armenia, and the countries bordering Armenia.
Basic Information About Modern Armenia
Map of Armenia: Europe or Asia?
When examining maps of what was once the Armenian Empire, one is bound to notice that what is today considered the Republic of Armenia is extremely small in comparison.
This is due to the Armenian Genocide and treaties signed in the aftermath of it, wars, new conquerors, and the Soviet Union.
It is estimated that what today comprises of the Republic of Armenia is approximately only 10 percent of the ancient Armenian territory.
Where Armenia is situated is a difficult topic and one that many people disagree upon. The countries bordering Armenia include the Republic of Turkey, the Nakhichevan exclave, Georgia, Azerbaijan, the Republic of Artsakh (sometimes referred to as Nagorno-Karabakh), and Iran.
Armenia is frequently referred to as a nation in the South Caucasus. Armenia is sometimes considered to be a part of Southeastern Europe. It is more politically and culturally European than Asian.
Armenia is a Christian nation and one that is a member of the Council of Europe. It also features a culture, beliefs, foods, national dress, and more that are very similar to those of other Southern European cultures, particularly Greeks and Italians.
Therefore, there are many people who are more apt to consider Armenia to be a part of Europe.
However, it is also sometimes considered to be a part of Western Asia. It is more geographically closer to Asia than to Europe. The exact border between Europe and Asia is disagreed upon; some geographers place it to be at the Ural Mountain range, and others place it to be at the Caucasus Mountains.
The most proper term for the place where Armenia is located is called the Armenian Highland. The Armenian Highland formally encompasses parts of what is presently Armenia, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and even parts of Syria and Iran.
Therefore, the Armenian Highland encompasses Europe, Asia, and the northern part of the Middle East. But Armenia itself is located at the crossroads of Asia and Europe.
Map of Armenia: The Armenian-Georgian Border
The border between Armenia and Georgia makes up Armenia’s northern border and is one of Armenia’s few open borders. Armenians frequently travel to and from Georgia because of the ease in doing so.
It is common for Armenians to either travel there in their own cars, in a taxi, or on a bus or a train. It takes approximately 5 to 6 hours to get to either country, assuming that you will be traveling from Yerevan.
Prices for different taxis, buses, and trains vary, so it is best that you do your research before planning a trip to Georgia. For example, there are taxi drivers who will take you to Georgia from Armenia and will charge around 50,000 dram, which is a little more than 100 dollars.
Also, check if you need to have a visa. Citizens of most European countries, the United States, Canada, and Armenia do not need to have a visa if they will be visiting Georgia for a short period of time.
Armenians frequently visit Georgia because, unlike Armenia, Georgia has access to the Black Sea, which offers many seaside resorts and fun things to do. The capital, Tbilisi, is also a nice place to visit, and is home to many Western organizations which are not in Armenia.
Armenia and Georgia have rather good relations, despite the fact that they haven’t always been so positive and there are some people in Georgia who harbor some prejudice against Armenians, especially for the Armenian conflict with Azerbaijan.
There is an Armenian community in Georgia, and it is necessary for Armenia to have positive relations with Georgia, because of Georgia’s sea access and access to Europe proper.
Map of Armenia: Armenian-Iranian Border
The border between Armenia and Iran is also open. One would think that for their religious and cultural differences, the two nations would not have positive relations, but surprisingly, Armenia and Iran have rather positive relations and consider each other to be strategic partners.
Armenians make up the largest Christian minority in Iran and enjoy rather positive treatment.
Once again, most Armenians get to Iran through car, taxi, bus, or train. However, Iran is not a country that Armenians frequently travel to; it is often the opposite.
You will see many Iranian tourists in Yerevan due to the fact that alcohol is legal in Armenia and women can dress freely.
It is recommended that you find your own form of transportation, though, because the buses drop you off in Kapan, from where it is extremely difficult to find taxis. Armenian citizens are able to get into Iran without a visa, but if you are from somewhere else, especially a country which does not have positive relations with Iran, then you may want to be more careful.
Map of Armenia: Armenia-Artsakh Border
The border between Armenia and Artsakh is open, naturally. Armenia is the only country in the world that supports Artsakh, which is internationally recognized as a part of Azerbaijan, but has formally declared its independence from Azerbaijan in 1991 and is formally known as the Republic of Artsakh.
It has been formally recognized as independent by three states which are not a part of the United Nations, but is not recognized by any formal country. However, most foreign governments refer to it as Nagorno-Karabakh.
Many people fear that, because of the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Artsakh territory, Artsakh is not safe to visit. This is not the case, as long as you avoid the borders with Azerbaijan.
The border between Armenia and Artsakh is the only way that anyone can get into Artsakh from the outer world, as all the rest of its borders are either dangerous or closed. You have to get a visa when you get to Artsakh, but if you wish to one day visit Azerbaijan, make sure that you request to get it on a different page; the Azeri government will automatically deny you entry upon seeing it.
The only way to get to Artsakh is via train, bus, taxi, or your personal vehicle. There is an airport in the capital, Stepanakert, but the Azerbaijani government has threatened to shoot down any commercial plane that travels to and from Armenia, so the airport does not offer any flights.
The journey from Armenia to Artsakh is extremely beautiful, and there is so much to see both on the way and while in Artsakh.
Map of Armenia: Armenian-Turkish Border
Armenia and Turkey have a long history of poor relations (especially because of the Armenian Genocide), and therefore, have no diplomatic relations.
Turkey has blockaded Armenia due to the conflict with Azerbaijan, and therefore, the border between the two countries is formally closed. You cannot cross the border via land.
However, that does not mean that it is impossible to get to and from Turkey if you are in Armenia. Many Armenians want to visit Turkey because the part that comprises of eastern Turkey is historically a part of Armenia- often referred to by Armenians as Western Armenia.
There are Armenian artifacts in the region and the region played a very important role in Armenian history.
There are flights between Yerevan and Istanbul, and Armenians get to Turkey through Georgia or Moscow as well. Armenians can get an eVisa or a visa on arrival in order to get to Turkey.
Map of Armenia: Armenia-Azerbaijan Border
The border between Armenia and Azerbaijan is one of the most dangerous international borders in the world. There is an ongoing conflict between the two countries over the Artsakh territory, which has declared itself to be independent from Azerbaijan in 1991.
The historically Armenian territory was given to Azerbaijan in the 1920’s by Joseph Stalin to ensure Moscow’s position as a power broker. Beginning in 1988, the Armenian population of Artsakh began to protest, saying that they wanted to be reunited with Armenia.
This resulted in an armed conflict, which ended with a ceasefire and de facto Armenian military victory in 1994. The conflict continues today, with many ceasefire violations by Azerbaijan. Many soldiers die every year because of the violations and it has been only getting worse over the past four years.
The border between the two countries is closed, and anyone who has visited the Artsakh Republic or who has Armenian heritage is automatically denied entry into Azerbaijan.
Check Out Other Posts Related to Map of Armenia: Countries Bordering Armenia
- Western Armenia Is Out of Present-Day Armenia’s Map | What Happened to Old Armenia?
- Where is Armenia? Find out Armenia Location on Map & Know the Country
- Yerevan Metro | Map of Its Subway & Price Information