Mikoyan Company, founded by Artem Mikoyan, has always been one of the most outstanding aircraft design organizations, which have produced world’s most famous fighter planes. This company has designed planes, which were revolutionary for those times and which are constantly being improved and used nowadays.
Russian Aircraft corporation MIG or Mikoyan company is a Russian joint stock company.
Mikoyan company has leading enterprise in Russian aviation industry. The production of the most worldwide known MIG plane belongs exactly to this company.
MIG jet fighter planes are the most used planes. During past 60 years Mikoyan company, has worked on more than 250 projects, 120 of which went into production.
Mikoyan company is not like other aviation companies, which produce variety of aircraft. Mikoyan is mainly specialized on jet fighter planes.
Maybe some of you think what this Russian company has to do with Armenia? The answer is simple- it was established by an Armenian aviator Artem Mikoyan.
Scroll down to learn more about the company and the aviator!
The History of Mikoyan Company
The history of the company comes from early Soviet times. Mikoyan company was established in December 1939 by young and talented Armenian aviation designer Artem Mikoyan. At that time the company was founded as an independent design department.
In the same year, Mikoyan started collaborating with an accomplished aeronautical engineer Mikhail Gurevich, who had recently visited United States and was well aware of details and peculiarities of aircraft production. Their collaboration appeared to be very successful and was a historical event in world’s aviation history.
The company nowadays is called MIG, it didn’t change its name. They borrowed the first letters of the names of Mikoyan and Gurevich and added between them letter “I”, which means “and” in Russian.
Though MIG plane was an exceptional model, it wasn’t much used during the World War II. The reason was that there was not a strong demand for this kind of interceptors. During this period, Soviet Union was facing bombing attack strategy from Germany and was mainly focused on that.
In fact, a few interceptors came into release at the times of World War II. The curiosity towards jet fighter planes raised in post war period and only then Mikoyan company grew in influence and size. Later in 1946, Mikoyan and Gurevich designed MIG-9 jet fighter.
This plane is considered the masterpiece of Soviet aircraft and the predecessor of number of other MIG planes which are produced till now.
Who Is Artem Mikoyan?
Artem Mikoyan was a legendary Soviet Armenian aircraft designer․ He was born on 5 August, 1905 in a small Armenian village Sanahin. He was the fifth child of the family. The first two years Mikoyan got education in their village school.
After his father’s death, Mikoyan’s mother sent him to Tiflis (present-day Tbilisi) to continue education there. Later in 1923 he moved to Doni Rostov. Mikoyan lived there with his elder brother, famous politician Anastas Mikoyan.
Life was not easy for Mikoyan during this period. He was working hard and was ready to do almost any kind of work to make both ends meet. In 1928 he moved to Moscow and worked there as a turner till 1928.
However, this gifted young man, full of enthusiasm has much more expectations from life. After military service Mikoyan entered Zhukovsky Air Force Academy. By the way, he created his first plane there. Mikoyan’s the most productive years started after graduating the academy.
He and Mikhail Gurevich formed the design bureau and produced series of fighter planes. This legendary start played a great role in world’s history. Artem Mikoyan was highly praised and recognized both in Armenia and in Russia. Through his lifetime, Mikoyan was honored with different prizes such as Order of Red Banner, Lenin Prize, Stalin Prize etc.
The Role of MIG Planes in War History: MIG Planes Nowadays
This MIG plane belongs to one of the fastest planes of Soviet Union aircraft. It was created in 1941 and was available from the start of World War II. However, MIG-3 was not much used at that time. This model is one of the stating works by Mikoyan and Gurevich.
Later they improved and redesigned it to more famous models, which in fact had more success. Later in 1946 MIG-9 was produced. This MIG plane had rather impressive appearance and more developed functions. MIG-9 was one of the much-used models during World War II.
MIG-15 was a turbojet fighter produced years after World War II. This jet fighter aircraft is considered one of the most successful models ever made by Mikoyan Company. It reached high transonic speeds which was a revolutionary achievement for that period of time.
In 1950 when Korea war broke out, Korean People’s Air force was equipped with vintage Soviet fighter planes, so it was rather difficult for Korea to bare the savage power of USAF B-29 bombers.
There was a strong demand of a highly-developed aircraft in Korea. So, in April 1950 Soviet pilots first appeared in Shanghai and only then in August they entered the war in support of North Korea. They agreed to provide North Korea with their famous MIG-15.
The high quality and perfect performance of MIG-15 left the West opponents startled. MIG-15 appeared to be very effective against F-29 American heavy bombers.
MIG-29 is considered to be the masterpiece of Soviet Union aircraft. Being produced in 1980-s, this MIG plane raised a great interest towards it. Facing the period of Cold War, Soviet Union did its best to have superiority of power and don’t allow USA to have any technological advantage over them.
By creating this model, Soviet Union gained a definite priority in the sphere of aviation. MIG-29 was originally oriented towards combat against enemy aircraft. However, for its wide success and excellent quality this model was constantly being improved. The newest versions of MIG-29 such as MIG 29s and MIG-29k were already planned for fulfilling number of different operations.
Mikoyan has an active production nowadays as well.
This MIG plane is considered one of the innovative models in Russian aircraft. Russian Aviation is now actively collaborating with other countries and is constantly developing MIG planes, always being in line with international standards.
Though Mikoyan is a Russian organization nowadays, the role of talented Armenian and founder of this company is undeniable. The company is trying to preserve the best traditions and style with great respect towards its founder.
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