Where is Armenia? This question might occur to many people, who haven’t heard of this ancient country. That might be the result of being a small country, which lost and gained independence every once in a while. Today it is a small country of a huge culture and history. Find out Armenia Location on map and know the country here.
Armenia is the name of a country you have probably heard in the Holy Bible. Nowadays, Armenia is a small country, but it has ancient and amazing history. For Armenians, their country is more than just a territory – it’s a sacred and holy place!
The Creation of the Third Republic of Armenia
Armenia, before the declaration of its independence, for more than 70 years has been a part of the Soviet Union, called Armenian SSR. The country officially declared its independence from the USSR in 1990.
There was a referendum held, according to which, the full independence of Armenia was declared in 1991.
After the creation of the third Republic of Armenia, the country received international recognition and many states started establishing diplomatic relations with Armenia.
Find an answer to the question, “Where is Armenia?” here!
Where is Armenia and How the Republic Was Formed?
Strive to Independence
The process of regaining the independence was not an easy way to go for Armenia. Just like during the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia (in 1918, before Soviet rule establishment), Armenia faced numerous challenges.
The first years of the existence of the Armenian sovereign state were quite difficult. For example, there were the issues of solving the humanitarian problems after the Spitak Earthquake, overcoming economic crisis, caused by the blockade during the Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) War with Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan and Turkey blocked their borders with Armenia).
It’s important to mention that during those difficult times, support by many Armenian organizations of Diaspora from around the world, arrived to Armenia. These organizations, as well as some individuals, offered aid and participated in the state reconstruction process.
So, despite all the challenges, Armenia excellently strived for its independence and, currently, it has become a very prosperous and a must-see country!
Where is Armenia? Armenia Location
Armenia on Map
If you want to find Armenia on map, then look up Transcaucasian region. It is easier to find where is Armenia on map if you know its neighbor states: Iran, Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan.
Geographically, Armenia is located in the continent of Europe. It’s actually right in the middle of Europe and Asia. That may be the reason why Armenian culture is so diverse and includes both European and Asian spirit.
Territory of Armenia
Today’s territory of Armenia is only one tenth of the historical Armenia lands. The country is located on the territory of 3 historical provinces (out of 15).
Armenia’s Neighboring Countries
Population and Ethnic Minorities
According to the official census as of 2016 current situation, the population of the country is 2 998 600 people. The density of the population is 101.5/sq. km (the 99th in the world).
Armenia is one of the world’s ethnically homogeneous countries.
|Other (Georgians, Jews, Greek, Assyrians)||0.3%|
The official language of the Republic of Armenia is Eastern Armenian). The majority of the country’s population is speaking in Armenian, but the national minorities of Armenia (Yazidis, Russians, Assyrians and others) speak both Armenian and their mother tongue.
This is why, Kurdish language, for example, is officially recognized by the Armenian government as a largest minority language. There are also Assyrian, Greek and Russian languages, included in the same list.
Armenia is known as the country that was the first to officially adopt Christianity as state religion. Since Christianity was brought to Armenia by two apostles of Jesus Christ (Thaddeus and Bartholomew), the official name of the Armenian Church is “Armenian Apostolic Church”.
Where is Armenia Geographically?
Armenia’s territory is mostly mountainous, with few forests, valleys and fast flowing rivers. This country is located around 4095m above sea-level!
The elevation of around the half of the country’s area is 2000 m above sea level and only 3 % of its territory is situated below 650 meters.
The highest mountain in the territory of Armenia is Mount Aragats, with height of 4095 m. The lowest points, on the contrary, include the valleys of such rivers, as Araks and Debed.
Lake Sevan, the largest lake in Armenia and Caucasian region, is located 2070 meters above sea level.
Armenia is a small country, known for its splendid and picturesque nature, as well as numerous natural resources.
There are several metal resource deposits and other forms of national heritage. The largest part of the Armenian population is against the use of these resources: they believe the government isn’t managing the country’s resources in a proper way.
This is why, presently, there are many public discussions around the environmental problems in Armenia, starting from the 1980s, when the so called “green groups” were formed in Armenia, acting against the intense industrialization of Yerevan and other parts of Armenia.
The main issues of their concern were air pollution and the establishment of a nuclear power generation in Armenia.
Climate of Armenia
Armenian climate is various in different corners of the country. In Ararat valley, for example, the climate is very hot and sunny, more than 300 days of throughout the year are full of sunshine. The temperature mostly depends on the height from the sea level.
High mountains block the moderating climatic influences of the Black and Mediterranean Seas. These influences create huge seasonal variations, with snowy and cold winters and warm, hot summers.
The average precipitation level ranges between 250-800 mm annually.
The Current Situation in Armenia
When Armenia was part of the USSR, the country was developing the central planning system of the Soviets. Quite modern industry sectors were created, that supplied various goods (textiles, manufacture products, as well as machine tools) to other Soviet countries.
After gaining independence from the USSR, Armenia switched to small-scale agriculture. Currently, Armenia is known for its rich resources of copper, zinc, as well as gold. Energy is largely produced within the country, by using the imported fuel (gas, also, nuclear fuel from Russia), as well as atomic nuclear power plant.
The main economic partners of Armenia are the European Union, the Russian Federation, post-Soviet republics, Iran, Georgia, China, the USA and Turkey.
Among the EU states, Germany is considered to be the largest trade partner of Armenia
Economic relations with Turkey are of special importance for both countries, since there are no open borders or even diplomatic relations, established between Armenia and Turkey. The trade is conducted mostly through the territory of Georgia.
According to the latest estimates, as mentioned above, Armenia’s population is around 3 000 000 people.
Armenia is considered to be the only post-Soviet country, having a mostly monoethnic population. The Republic of Armenia is also the 2nd most densely populated country (after Moldova), due to its small territory, of course.
The majority of the Armenian population (around 90 %) is made up by the followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Armenia is officially a Christian state since 301 A.D. Armenian Church can be compared to the Coptic and Syrian churches.
Of course, there are also Catholic and Protestant Armenians as well, both in the country and within the Diaspora.
The Role of the Armenian Diaspora
Diaspora has a huge role and importance in the history of Armenians. Armenian diaspora was formed mostly after the Genocide of Armenians in the beginning of the 20th century (1915).
It has always maintained strong ties with the Republic of Armenia, supporting Armenians during difficult times for the country, as well as representing Armenians’ interests abroad, throughout the world.
Where is Armenia and How is It Administratively Divided?
Armenia has 11 administrative divisions, also known as “marz” (translated as “province” in Armenian).
Yerevan, the capital city of the Republic of Armenia, is one of those divisions and is granted with special administrative status.
The provinces or marzes of Armenia are as follows:
- Aragatsotn (with the capital city of Ashtarak)
- Ararat (with the capital city of Artashat)
- Armavir (with the capital city of Armavir or Hoktemberyan)
- Gegharkunik (with the capital city of Gavar)
- Kotayk (with the capital city of Hrazdan)
- Lori (with the capital city of Vanadzor)
- Shirak (with the capital city of Gyumri)
- Syunik (with the capital city of Kapan)
- Tavush (with the capital city of Ijevan)
- Vayots Dzor (with the capital city of Yeghegnadzor)
All marzes have their capital cities that are usually the largest cities of a given marz or province.
Armenian provinces, in their turn, are divided into communities, consisting of several settlements. Each community in Armenia is self-governing.
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