Yerevan metro is one of the cleanest metros around the world. It is widely used in Yerevan and is the most favorite means of public transport by the citizens. Here you can find the map of the subway as well as price information.
Metro is a rapid transit generally founded in urban areas. The earliest subway metro system, that is the London Underground, was first opened in 1863 as an underground railway. Later, in 1890 its electrified underground line opened, which made the London Underground the first metro system of the world.
Yerevan metro was officially launched in 1981 and since 1999 is named after Soviet and Armenian politician Karen Demirchyan (in Armenian – Կարեն Դեմիրճյանի անվան Երևանի մետրոպոլիտեն).
Here, find all basic information about the Yerevan metro including the map of its subway as well as price.
Yerevan Metro: The History of Establishment
Like most of the former Soviet metros, Yerevan metro subway stations are also constructed very deep (20-70 meters underground) and serve the capital of Armenia, Yerevan.
Because of city’s mountainous landscape, there was a need to have a system, which could move large number of population around the city. Ideas to construct a rapid tram system began to form in 1960’s.
However, the Soviet City Engineering Planning Department stated that only cities with one million, or more population could have underground metro systems, which Yerevan lacked during that period.
That’s the reason that initially the plan was to build just a rapid tram system. However, the metro was eventually built. The reason was, that underground metros for cities have also a strategic meaning, so the capital had to have a metro.
The decision by the Soviet Government was the following: to annex the surrounding areas to Yerevan, build there new districts, in a word to enlarge Yerevan’s territory and population.
Of course, it took some 20 years to transfer those rural areas to capital city’s districts, only after that, there was an order to start to construction of the metro.
Yerevan Metro: Construction
The underground metro system was constructed so effectively, that even after the Spitak earthquake if 1988, it faced only some minor damages, and started operating again only a day after the earthquake.
At first, when the metro was opened, it was only 7,6 kilometers, but shortly afterwards, it has grown to 13,4 kilometers.
Currently the Yerevan metro has 2 routes and 10 stations. Names of the stations have remained the same since the opening of the metro. There only a few stations, that after the independence were renamed, just because they had Communism-related names.
Old and new names of Yerevan metro stations
- Marshal Baghramian (previously called Saralandzhi)
- Hanrapetutyan Hraparak (Republic Square, previously called Lenin Square)
- Zoravar Andranik (previously called Hoktemberyan)
- Sasuntsi Davit
- Garegin Nzhdegh Hraparak (previously called Spandaryan)
Yerevan Metro: Tourist Information
Yerevan metro is one of the cleanest metros all over the world. The stations are decorated with ex-Soviet architecture and national Armenian motifs. Metro is a very easy way for tourists to travel around the city (metro map is available).
The underground metro runs daily from 6.30 am until 11 pm. Trains arrive to stations every 5 minutes during rush hours and every 10 minutes during passive hours. A few years ago, the ticket price doubled and now the cost of metro ticket is 100 AMD (25cents).
For using the metro, one needs to pay 100 AMD in the ticket window and will receive a coin. Passengers can use a card as well.
Yerevan Metro: Fares and Statistics
As a means of transport, metro is one of the cheapest and quickest ways to travel from one part of the city to another one. A ticket of metro in Yerevan costs 100 AMD (25 cents), which is indeed cheap. However, a few years ago, it cost even cheaper, 50 AMD.
The increase in price of the ticket caused a decrease in the ridership of the metro. Another reason for the decrease in the ridership is the development of minibus and bus system in the city of Yerevan.
As of 2012, before the increase of metro ticket price, nearly sixty thousand passengers took the metro per day, but after the price doubled, the ridership fell to fifty thousand passengers per day.
Yerevan Metro Stations
Today Yerevan metro operates as a single line and has 10 stations, covering a territory of 13.4 kilometers. The current stations of the underground metro are the following:
The terminal statiom to the north is Barekamutyun station. The station operated since the launch of the whole underground metro system. It is situated between Komitas and Kentron districts. The station is surrounded by a large subway shopping area, offering citizens a variable choice of different products.
This station is situated on one of the most beautiful parks in Yerevan – the lover’s parks. It is a very quiet and pleasant place to stop by and rest a little.
Next to it is the Parliament, the official residence of the President and the American University of Armenia. There are also embassies of many countries, such as, UK, Syria, China, Thailand, etc. It is often referred as a diplomatic street.
This station is located at the crossroad of Isahakyan Street and Abovian Street. Being very close to many of the city’s universities, Yeritasardakan station is full of students at certain hours, which is the reason to call it Yeritasardakan (youth).
Hanrapaetutyan Hraparak (Republic Square)
Republic Square station is located next to Republic Square on Nalbandian Street, and takes passengers straight to the heart of the Yerevan city. You can also find the Armenia Information (Office Tourist Information) across the street.
This station is right next to “Kino Russia”, a large soviet-era movie theatre converted into a flea market. The station is also near to St. Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, which is the biggest church in the region.
Sasuntsi Davit station is situated in Kayaran (from Armenain – Station) and is called so as the famous statue of Sasuntsi Davit (Armenia’s epic hero). It is called “Station”, because it’s also the central railway station, where international lines also work.
The Yerevan Central Train Station is right above the metro stop, and here you can catch a train to anywhere outside Yerevan. Trains to Gyumri, Armavir, Yeraskh and Georgia are available from here.
The name of this station is very much symbolic and in English it sounds like factorial, since many factories, including shoe-producing factory, plant for car tires and cable plant are situated here. The station is located in one of the industrial districts of Yerevan.
The aim of the station is to reduce the stream of passengers on the way to “Garegin Nzhdeh Square” station, which is the last of the first route.
The is the only station of the second route. For continuing the way to Charbakh station you’ll need to change the train.
Garegin Njdeh Hraparak (Garegin Ndeh Square)
This station was previously called Spandaryan Square station. Since the name of the square was changed, station named changed accordingly. The station is now located in one of the biggest industrial districts of Yerevan.
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